Cancer is a condition in which cells grow and reproduce uncontrollably in certain parts of the body. Cancer cells can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissues, including organs. Sometimes cancer starts in one part of the body before it spreads to other areas. This process is known as metastasis. Explain below the type of cancer: When abnormal cells divide rapidly and spread to other tissues and organs, the term umbrella for a large group of cancers is one of the leading causes of death in the world.
Definition of cancer
Cancer is a disease in which some cells in the body grow uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells.
Cancer growth and transference
In a healthy body, trillion cells are multiplied by these and made by division, since they need to do their daily work daily. Healthy cells have a specific life cycle, reproducing and dying in a way that is determined by cell type. New cells take the place of old or damaged cells as they die. Cancer disrupts this process and leads to abnormal growth in the cells. It is caused by a change or mutation in DNA.
DNA exists in the individual genes of each cell. It contains instructions that tell the cell what to do and how to grow and divide. Mutations occur frequently in DNA, but cells usually correct these errors. When no mistake is corrected a cell can become cancerous.
Mutations can cause cells that need to be replaced to survive instead of dying, and new cells are formed when they are not needed. These extra cells can divide uncontrollably, causing tumors to grow. Tumors can cause a variety of health problems depending on where they grow in the body.
However, not all tumors are cancerous. Benign tumors are non-cancerous and do not spread to nearby tissues. Sometimes, as they get bigger and put pressure on neighboring organs and tissues, they can create problems. Malignant tumors are cancerous and can invade other parts of the body.
Some cancer cells can migrate to distant areas of the body through the bloodstream or the lymphatic system. This process is called metastasis. Cancers that have been metastasized are considered to be more advanced than those that have been metastasized. Metastatic cancers tend to be more difficult to treat and more deadly.
Types of cancer of Europe
Cancers are named for the region where they start and the type of cells they form, even if they have spread to other parts of the body. For example, cancer that starts in the lungs and spreads to the liver is still called lung cancer. Different clinical terms are used for some common types of cancer:
C Carcinoma is a cancer that starts in the skin or tissues that restricts other organs.
Sarcoma is a cancer of connective tissues such as bones, muscles, cartilage and blood vessels.
Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow that makes blood cells.
Cancer of the lymphoma and myeloma immune system.Risk Factors and Treatment
- The direct cause of cancer is a change (or alteration) in your cell’s DNA that can be inherited. They can also occur after birth as a result of environmental energy. Some of these forces include:
- Cancer Exposure to carcinogenic chemicals called carcinogens
- Iation in contact with radiation
- The unsafe exposure to the sun
- Certain viruses, such as human papilloma virus (HPV)
- Lifestyle choices, such as diet type and level of physical activity
- The risk of cancer increases with age. Some existing health conditions that cause inflammation can increase your risk of cancer. An example is ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory stomach disease.
- Knowing the reasons for contributing to cancer can help you lead a lifestyle that reduces the risk of cancer. According to experts, these are the top seven ways to prevent cancer:
- 1. Stop using tobacco and stay away from smoking.
- 2. Eat healthy, balanced meals.
- o Limit eating processed meat.
- o Consider taking a “Mediterranean diet” that focuses primarily on plant-based foods, fatty proteins, and healthy fats.
- o Avoid alcohol, or drink moderately. Moderate drinking is defined as one-day drinking for women of all ages and men over 655 years of age, and up to twice a day for men 655 years of age or younger.
- 3. Maintain a healthy weight and stay active through at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day.
- 4. Stay protected from the sun.
- o Cover with clothing, sunglasses and a hat and apply sunscreen frequently.
- o Avoid the sun from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. This is when the sun’s rays are at their strongest.
- o Stay in the shade as much as possible while outdoors.
- o Avoid tanning beds and sunlight, which can do as much damage to your skin as possible.
- 5. Vaccinate against viral infections that can cause cancer such as hepatitis B and HPV P
- Risk. Do not engage in risky behavior. Practice safe sex and do not share needles when using drugs or prescription drugs. Only get a tattoo at a licensed parlor.
- Regularly. See your doctor regularly so they can screen you for different types of cancer. This increases the chances of catching any potential cancer as soon as possible.
- Cancer treatment has different goals depending on the type of cancer and how advanced it is. These objectives include:
- Finding a Cure Cure: This is not possible for all cancers and conditions.
- Primary First Aid: Killing cancer cells in your body.
- Provide adjuvant treatment: Kill the cancer cells that remain after first aid to reduce your risk of cancer coming back.
- Provide all relief treatment: Relieve the health symptoms associated with cancer such as: shortness of breath and pain.
- The most common types of treatment are:
- Surgically removes cancer as much as possible.
- Uses toxic medicinal drugs in cells to kill rapidly dividing cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy
- Use a strong, illuminated beam inside your body (brachytherapy) or outside (external radiation) to kill cancer cells.
- Stem cell (sister marrow) transplant
- Repairs diseased bone marrow with healthy stem cells. Stem cells are integral cells that can perform a variety of activities. These replacements allow the use of higher doses of treatment modalities for the treatment of cancer.
- Immunotherapy (biological therapy)
- Your body’s immune system uses antibodies to help detect cancer.
- Hormone therapy
- Removes or blocks hormones that fuel certain cancers to prevent cancer cells from growing.
- Targeted drug therapy
- Uses drugs to interfere with specific molecules that help cancer cells grow and survive.
- Clinical trials
- Investigates new ways of treating cancer.
- Alternative medicine
- Used to reduce the symptoms of cancer and to reduce the side effects of cancer treatment such as nausea, fatigue and pain. Alternative medicines include:
- Up Acupuncture
- • Addition
- Itation meditation
- Ation relaxation strategy